Theme:
Improving health care for people living with Dementia by focusing on enhancing their diet with essential nutrients and observing the changes in their physical and mental condition.

People suffering from dementia are at an increased risk of malnutrition due to a number of nutritional problems, and the question arises which interventions are effective in maintaining adequate nutritional intake during the course of the disease. It is of further interest where supplementation through medication and specific nutrients are able to help cognitive decline or even improve cognitive abilities.

Dementia is a multi-factor pathological condition, and nutrition is one factor that may play a role on its onset and progression. An optimal intake of nutrients doesn’t protect people from dementia. However, studies in this area show that inadequate dietary habits, which are of particular concern in elderly populations, may increase the risk of developing a number of age-related diseases, including disorders of impaired cognitive function. They show that a deficiency in essential nutrients, such as certain B complex vitamins, can result in hyperhomocysteinemia, a well-known risk factor for atherosclerosis and recently associated with cognitive impairment in old age. A deficiency of antioxidants such as vitamins C and E, and beta-carotene, as well as nutrition-related disorders like hypercholesterolemia, hypertension, and diabetes, may also have some role in cognitive impairment. These factors can be present for a long time before cognitive impairment becomes evident, therefore they could be potentially detected and corrected in a timely manner. The outcome of this study will help us analyze the nutritional impact on Dementia in thorough detail. The conclusion drawn about which elements in particular help tackle the disease, will benefit patients and families throughout the globe that cannot afford luxury treatment.

Executive Summary
Larchfield House is a vibrant, friendly Dementia Care Specialist home situated in the heart of Berkshire. Larchfield House provides 74 nursing beds for dementia patients and respite care for the elderly in an elegant and spacious home which is specifically designed keeping in mind thoughtful and practical features. This ensures that we are able to meet the challenging needs of our residents. We are an innovation-led business with a dedication towards data driven analysis.

So what exactly is dementia?
Dementia describes a set of symptoms that may include memory loss and difficulties with thinking, problem solving and language. These changes are often small to start with, but for with as time passes, they become severe enough to affect daily life. Though a vast majority of Dementia cases cannot be cured, research is underway to establish methods to reduce the effects of the illness through non-drug and drug treatments.

We look forward to applying the techniques of Machine Learning and Data Science in our study and research of patients affected by early/middle stage dementia and learning ways to reverse and prevent it. We will conduct structured tests on the data collected from the residents of Larchfield House that measure behavioral, cognitive and aptitude changes in our residents.

We hope to establish a relationship between the results of these tests and draw conclusions, which would help the battle in fighting Dementia. The application of this study could not only benefit a single care home, people all across the globe suffering from dementia (in hospitals or at home would be able to improve their condition by changing their dietary intake on the basis of results drawn.

Research Plan

Data Collection:
Larchfield House aims to put the data collected from the residents up for research purposes in order to draw conclusions on how our residents’ well-being is influenced by certain factors.

Platforms
Sapphire and Person Centered Software are the two platforms used by Larchfield House to store data.

Sapphire – Used to store the calorific values of meals eaten by the residents. Variables stored are :

  • Energy(in calories).
  • Percentage of Fat, Saturates, Sugars, Salts.
  • Amount of Vitamins A, C, and D, Calcium, Potassium, Riboflavin, and many more.
  • Stored as value for per 100gm of portion.


For more details please send email to mjpatel@hplus.care